The Role of The Organization of Turkic States within The Belt and Road Initiative

01.07.2024

China views the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) project as a critical strategy to ensure the security of its Asian borders. Therefore, the BRI project represents a strategic plan aimed at enhancing China’s economic integration worldwide. The main objective of this plan is to develop two new trade routes. With the establishment of these routes, China aims to play a more effective role in international trade and increase its economic power on a global scale. However, the Initiative is not only about infrastructure projects. It also aims to enhance China’s economic and political power, create an expanded and interdependent market, and provide the necessary conditions for a high-tech economy. Within this framework, the BRI initiative aims to strengthen China’s influence in global trade and achieve a stronger position in the international economic arena by increasing its impact on global trade and creating new trade routes.

The Belt and Road Initiative, primarily summarized as reviving the ancient Silk Road through railway freight transport from China to Europe, has many different dimensions. This railway project, which affects the economic development, geopolitical position, and political situation of the Central Asian Turkic States, nearly halves the average 40-day travel time compared to maritime transport. When compared to air transport, it can reduce costs by up to 80%. This assessment indicates that both the transportation distance and cost are significantly advantageous.

The Silk Road represents the Economic ‘Belt’. This project, initially proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping during his visit to Kazakhstan in 2013, views Central Asia as the most critical region for the “Belt” component.

This study aims to examine the roles and participation of member countries of the Turkic States Organization (TSO) in the projects carried out under the BRI. The economic, political, and social impacts on TSO member countries will be analyzed. Regional security issues and sovereignty concerns will be addressed.

The Role and Impact of the Member Countries of the Organization of Turkic States in BRI Projects: Economic Development and Investment Opportunities

China has taken various steps towards developing infrastructure investments with its identified 6 corridors and 65 countries. The primary objective of these steps is to develop various projects to shorten transportation times and reduce costs. One of these corridors is the China-Central/West Asia Economic Corridor (CCWAEC), which includes member countries of the Turkic States Organization (TSO).

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    Diplomatik İlişkiler ve Politik Araştırmalar Merkezi

    Center for Diplomatic Affairs and Political Studies

    ‎مركز الشؤون الدبلوماسية والدراسات السياسية

    Centre des Affaires Diplomatiques et des études Politiques

    Центр дипломатических отношений и политических исследований

    外交事务与政治研究中心

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