NATO Summit 2021 and the US – Turkey relations

15.06.2021

The meeting between President Biden and President Erdogan on the sidelines of the NATO Summit is the first face-to-face bilateral meeting on Monday, 14th of June, between the American and Turkish leaders since the US presidential election last year. It was expected that the issues surrounding Syria, Afghanistan, Eastern Mediterranean as well as other regional affairs would be discussed.

In late March this year, Turkey’s Foreign Minister, Mevlut Cavusoglu and the US Secretary of State, Anthony Blinken met on the sidelines of the NATO Foreign Ministers’ meeting in Brussels and signalled possible better ties between the US and Turkey. After the brief talk, Cavusoglu stated that they planned to have more comprehensive talks, despite different opinions on certain issues. Cavusoglu stated that they agreed to hold a broader meeting in either Turkey or the US.

However, US-Turkey ties remain strained, particularly over the issue of Turkey’s acquisition of S-400 missile defence systems from Russia and ensuing US sanctions. Other issues involving the presence in the US of members of the Fetullah Terrorist Organization (FETO), which plotted a coup attempt in Turkey, also American ties with the YPG/PKK, a terrorist organization that the US has worked with to fight against DAESH/ISIS in Northern Syria. Ankara has been demanding the extradition of FETO officials, as well as for the US to cut ties with the YPG/PKK.

Meanwhile, Washington under President Biden has been criticising Ankara over its human rights record, a departure from the Trump administration, which had deemphasized such concerns.

In late April, the two found the NATO powers at odds again when President Biden used the term ‘genocide’ to describe the horrific events of 1915. The White House’s characterization of the event of April 24th, the day of remembrance for Armenians, was denounced by Ankara, underlining that the statement will undermine the friendship between the two countries.

Before leaving for the NATO Summit, President Erdogan said he would raise the issue of the White House’s recognition of the 1915 massacres of Armenians in the then Ottoman Empire as genocide as well as the US removal of Turkey from an F-35 fighter jet programme. However, when asked whether the two discussed American recognition of the genocide after the meeting with President Biden, President Erdogan said, “Thank God, it didn’t come up.” The statement signalled that both parties were willing to leave at least one issue behind at the meeting.

On the first face-to-face bilateral meeting with President Biden on the sidelines of the summit, President Erdogan showed no indication of reversing from the deal with Moscow for the S-400 missile system. The S-400 is an air missile system that US defence officials believe pose a security risk to NATO alliance weapons systems, such as the F – 35, the United States’ most expensive weapon platform.

According to Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), enacted into law in 2017, any foreign government working with the Russian defence sector finds itself in the crosshairs of US economic sanctions. To ease the tension between the NATO allies, some analysts wonder if the Biden administration would lift the sanction. According to the lawyers from Kirkland & Ellis’ International Trade and National Security Practice Group who spoke to CNBC, the unilateral action by the President is unlikely given the complexity of the matter.

Following the meeting, President Erdogan described the conversation to reporters as fruitful and sincere. He also said, “There is no problem with the US that we cannot solve,” while President Biden told the reporters that the meeting was productive and said they could make real progress.

The meeting between the two leaders highlighted the importance of the NATO alliance and seemed clear that both President Erdogan and Biden intend to work towards better relations. The meeting with President Erdogan is also crucial for President Biden as it took place before the meeting on Wednesday with President Putin, where the US and Russian leaders are expected to discuss the issue of the latter’s possible veto of a UN resolution that would allow humanitarian aid to continue into rebel-held sections of Syria via Turkey.

Despite the existing troubles, Turkey remains an invaluable member of the NATO alliance and cooperation between the two countries may be achieved in certain areas. The US withdrawal from Afghanistan in September is likely to result in Turkey maintaining a military presence there. During the meeting, it was reported that President Erdogan suggested that Turkey could secure the Kabul airport along with Pakistan and Hungary. Another possible area of cooperation is in the Black Sea where tensions are high between Russia and Ukraine; Washington and Ankara had a joint maritime drill in February of this year.

Still, despite the positive feedback, there was no breakthrough for the bilateral ties. As many analysts had pointed out, it takes more than one meeting to improve or to have a full reset for the bilateral relations since in which many significant differences exist.

Whether the ties between the US and Turkey will improve under President Biden administration will likely be a crucial topic to be followed and observed. Turkey’s importance for the alliance needs to be recognized by Washington; perhaps the positive vibe as a result of this first face–to–face meeting between the leaders is an encouraging start.

Other Articles

AUKUS: Growing Assertiveness from Beijing in The Region Led to This Pact

The security pact has set the main focus on the Indo-Pacific region and marked a ...
Daha Fazlasını Oku

Strategic Competition in the Black Sea and the US – Turkey Relations

The first face-to-face meeting between US President Joe Biden and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan ...
Daha Fazlasını Oku

As Tension Rise, More Needs to Be Done in the South China Sea Disputes

China’s growing assertiveness in the South China Sea receives more attention particularly amid the Covid-19 ...
Daha Fazlasını Oku

NATO Summit 2021 and the US – Turkey relations

The meeting between President Biden and President Erdogan on the sidelines of the NATO Summit ...
Daha Fazlasını Oku

Recent Tension in the South China Sea: New Chapter of the US-China Rivalry?

The global pandemic has contributed to the rising tension between Washington and Beijing. During the ...
Daha Fazlasını Oku

Hear from us

Share your e-mail address with us to start the mail subscription.

    Share
    Event Calendar
    September

    October 2021

    November
    Mon
    Tue
    Wed
    Thu
    Fri
    Sat
    Sun
    27
    28
    29
    30
    1
    2
    3
    Events for October

    1st

    No Events
    Events for October

    2nd

    No Events
    Events for October

    3rd

    No Events
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    Events for October

    4th

    No Events
    Events for October

    5th

    No Events
    Events for October

    6th

    No Events
    Events for October

    7th

    No Events
    Events for October

    8th

    No Events
    Events for October

    9th

    No Events
    Events for October

    10th

    No Events
    11
    12
    13
    14
    15
    16
    17
    Events for October

    11th

    No Events
    Events for October

    12th

    No Events
    Events for October

    13th

    No Events
    Events for October

    14th

    No Events
    Events for October

    15th

    No Events
    Events for October

    16th

    No Events
    Events for October

    17th

    No Events
    18
    19
    20
    21
    22
    23
    24
    Events for October

    18th

    No Events
    Events for October

    19th

    No Events
    Events for October

    20th

    Events for October

    21st

    No Events
    Events for October

    22nd

    No Events
    Events for October

    23rd

    No Events
    Events for October

    24th

    No Events
    25
    26
    27
    28
    29
    30
    31
    Events for October

    25th

    No Events
    Events for October

    26th

    No Events
    Events for October

    27th

    No Events
    Events for October

    28th

    No Events
    Events for October

    29th

    No Events
    Events for October

    30th

    No Events
    Events for October

    31st

    No Events
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7

    Diplomatik İlişkiler ve Politik Araştırmalar Merkezi

    Center for Diplomatic Affairs and Political Studies

    ‎مركز الشؤون الدبلوماسية والدراسات السياسية

    Centre des Affaires Diplomatiques et des études Politiques

    Центр дипломатических отношений и политических исследований

    外交事务与政治研究中心

    Back to top of page