Assoc. Dr. Esra Pakin Albayrakoğlu completed her BA program at Bilkent University, Department of American Culture and Literature and received her MA and PHD degrees from the International Relations Department of the same university. He is a full-time professor at Bahçeşehir University and a visiting professor at the National Defense University. Her expertise is on security and defense issues regarding Turkey and the Gulf. Her recent publications include the article “Turkey in Africa: From Aid to Arms” in the book “Turkey in Transition: Politics, Society, and Foreign Policy” which is compiled by Ebru Canan Sokullu and the article “Turkish Parliamentary Debates on the American War in Vietnam (1964-1971)” in the book Turkish Foreign Policy (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017). She is able to follow literature in English, French and German, and can use Russian at the basic proficiency level.